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Solar Power in Bulgaria

 

There are many old solar panel installations in Bulgaria, especially along the Black Sea coast and due to the growth and transformation of the region due to tourism; the Government is investigating ways to encourage home owners and business users to take advantage of these installations. Many of these systems have been left in a poor neglected state and have been unused for an extended period of time. Even though government incentives are now available for solar installations, the country’s financial institutions have maintained a very strict lending criterion. This rules out a high percentage of the countries home-owners due to the documented financial problems within the country.

This financial situation is one of the major reasons why the Solar Energy market has not looked so favorable in Bulgaria even though parts of Bulgaria do have a climate which ideally lends itself to the solar panel market. With the cost of rejuvenating the present solar panel projects within the country it is estimated that the period of time required to recoup the initial investment for an average size solar system would take approximately 8 years. Together with the financial limitations many investors are reluctant to get involved and find alternative funding methods. The costs of the newer projects are relatively cheap and the average cost of a system is $250 to $290 per square meter which is comparatively low due to the availability and the present technology so this adds to the investment capital making the older project cost prohibitive.

BI-Fuel for Greener Travels

The fuel is widely used by the majority of taxi drivers because of its lower price compared to gasoline and diesel fuel. It is useful to know that CNG vehicles with the Bulgarian standard nozzle can be refueled in many other CNG stations throughout Europe with some exceptions such as Germany, Austria. At lower engine loads, gasoline use tends to be higher whereas at higher engine loads it is possible to use a higher proportion of gas. BI-fuel engines are usually the result of a conversion of a gasoline engine and have the advantage of not being totally dependent on natural gas for fuel supply. Thus, if a vehicle runs out of natural gas or is away from an available fuel source, it is able to operate solely on gasoline. In this case it proves to be both economical and convenient to operate a bi-fueled vehicle than one that remains reliant on a single fuel source.

Bulgaria's Energy Position

Although the country has large deposits of coal but these are mostly lignite the country does not want to rely on energy generated from coal. Lignite is often referred to as brown coal and it is used almost exclusively as a fuel for steam-electric power generation. The other deposits of coal in Bulgaria are Anthracite deposits which is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a high luster. It has the highest carbon count and contains the fewest impurities of all coals.

These resources could relieve some of the reliance on the importation of electrical generation, but the determination of the governing bodies to use more eco friendly alternatives has taken first priority. This has been shown from the country’s dedication towards the development and construction of alternative or more ecological energy production projects.

Bulgaria Chooses Wind Power

Bulgaria is dedicated to developing and managing energy generation from renewable sources at an international level, and is currently expanding their reliance on green or eco friendly power generation to meet the needs of the future. Recently Enel Green Power has commenced operation of its second wind park in Bulgaria in Shabla, a seaside resort area in northeastern Bulgaria. The new wind park project consists of seven turbines, each with a 3MW capacity, totaling an output of 21MW to the power service system.

With the new complex now fully operational, Green Power has doubled its operational capacity in Bulgaria to 42MW. Enel Green Power signed an agreement dating back to 2008 with Global Wind Power Bulgarian, a franchise of Danish Global Wind Power, for the acquisition of wind parks in Kamen Bryag and Shabla. Subsequently, the first wind park in Kamen Bryag was completed and began operations on October 5 2009. The facility, in the municipality of Kavarna, also has a total output capacity of 21MW.

Five Provinces & Eight Cities of China Try Low Carbon Economy

National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of China announced on 10 Aug, 2010 that five provinces & eight cities would try low carbon economy. The list of low carbon economy experiment in China includes: five provinces, including Guangdong, Liaoning, Hubei, Shanxi, Yunnan. Eight cities, including Tianjin, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Guiyang, Baoding.

It's reported that the exact low-carbon implementation plan will be fowarded to National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of China for authorization at the end of the month.
Low Carbon Economy

Alternative Energy from Alternative Sources

In the United States as well as many other nations throughout the world the balance between energy demands and natural resources have become problematic areas within the governmental framework. In many states, there has been renewed emphasis on the need for energy sources that promote U.S. energy independence, avoid fossil fuel use, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Incineration in the whole was not the desired resolution but by the major advances in today's technology has transformed the standard incineration process into an alternative energy resolution that makes more sense than first imagined. Now with the advancement in technologies, these once called incinerators are referred to as waste co-generation facilities, or resource recovery facilities. In short household waste is taken in and through a complex process is incinerated and converted into thermal and electrical power generation.

The Resource Recovery electricity generation facilities today are well-positioned to deliver these benefits and to promote continued benefits while also providing for safe and reliable disposal of household trash. These facilities provide the means to resolve the landfill problem by utilizing the waste as fuel and the residue from the combustion process is approximately 90% less of the fuel burnt. This reduces the land fill space needed for the waste and extends the life of the landfill and greatly reduces the ecological effect on the community. The ash residue itself can also be sold or used as an ingredient in the production of cement, artificial reefs or even for road construction. 

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